The powers and functions enjoyed by the Chief Minister are similar to those of the Prime Minister of India, within a restricted jurisdiction of a state. Some of these are mentioned below:
- The Chief Minister holds the executive powers of state government. He/she has the power to form his council of ministers, choosing members of his party for particular ministries within the working of the state. The core council of ministers is called the Cabinet, members of which are decided by the Chief Minister. The various departments are allotted to various ministers by the Chief Minister. Ministers are removed from their portfolios, if the Chief Minister does not like his/her performance.
- The Chief Minister is the link between the Governor and the Council of Ministers. He is required to communicate to the Governor the workings of the various wings of the government. Similarly, the advice and suggestions of the Governor are communicated to the council of ministers by the Chief Minister.
- The Chief Minister has a pivotal role in the financial matters of a state, including the budget, basic infrastructural and developmental priorities of the state, financial planning and economic growth of the state and others.
- The Chief Minister is the chief spokesperson of the government of a State. With the help of the media, the Chief Minister communicates all policies and decisions to the people of the state. He holds regular or periodic press conferences wherein he/she makes the citizens of a state aware of the functioning of the government.