The National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) is an Indian Constitutional body established with a view to provide safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castes to promote and protect their social, educational, economic and cultural interests.
Evolution of the Commission
With a view to provide safeguards against the exploitation of SCs and STs and to promote and protect their social, educational, economic and cultural interests; special provisions were made in the Constitution.
Due to their social disability and economic backwardness, they were grossly handicapped in getting reasonable share in elected offices, Government jobs and educational institutions and, therefore, it was considered necessary to follow a policy of reservations in their favor to ensure their equitable participation in governance.
For effective implementation of various safeguards provided in the Constitution for the SCs and STs and various other protective legislations, the Constitution provided for appointment of a Special Officer under Article 338 of the Constitution.
The Special Officer who was designated as Commissioner for SCs STs was assigned the duty to investigate all matters relating to the safeguards for SCs and STs. A proposal was moved for amendment of Article 338 of the Constitution (46th Amendment) for replacing the arrangement of one Member system with a Multi-Member system.
The first Commission for SCs and STs was set up in August, 1978 with Bhola Paswan Shastri as Chairman and other four Members. The Commission for SCs and STs was then renamed as the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
It was set up as a National Level Advisory Body to advise the Government on broad policy issues and levels of development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
The statutory National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes came into being consequent upon passing of the Constitution (Sixty fifth Amendment) Bill, 1990. The first Commission under the Constitution (65th Amendment) Act was constituted on 12-3-1992. The Rules of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes were notified on 20th February, 2004 by the Ministry of Social Justice Empowerment.