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Ancient history is one of the most fascinating subjects in UPSC IAS syllabus. Every year at least 5 – 6 questions are asked from this section in the IAS prelims. To grasp the underlying treasure of ancient history, Below notes will helps you.

Chapter 1: Indus Pre-History

Chapter 2: Indus Valley Civilisation

Chapter 3: The Vedic Age

Chapter 4: Buddhism and Jainism

Chapter 5: Mahajanapadas

Chapter 6: The Mauryans

Chapter 7: Post Mauryan Kingdoms

Chapter 8: Early History of South India

Chapter 9: The Gupta Period

Chapter 10: Later Guptas

Chapter 11: Post Gupta Period in South India

Chapter 12: Art and Architecture in Ancient India

History of India forms an important component of the GS Paper I in which Medieval Indian History is implicitly included. Medieval History section is important for the exam as 2-3 questions have regularly been asked in the exam from this section.

The questions that are asked from the Medieval India section in the IAS Prelims GS Paper-I can be of both factual and analytical type. The questions are asked related to various important kings that ruled the country, their policies and administrative systems, the society and the economic system, and other important points related to the empires of Medieval India. Very frequently, questions are asked related to the religious movements of the Medieval Indian period. All these questions can be tackled by systematic study and repeated revisions.

Chapter 1: India between 750-1200 AD

Chapter 2: Establishment and Expansion of the Delhi Sultanate

Chapter 3: Emergence of Regional States in India

Chapter 4: Religious Movements in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries

Chapter 5: Mughal Dynasty

Chapter 6: Administration under the Mughals

Chapter 7: Later Mughals

Chapter 8: Maratha Empire

Chapter 9: European Arrival

Be it for Prelims or Mains, it is important to identify the topics of priority for IAS Exam. Analyzing previous years questions papers, one can reach a conclusion that UPSC ask a major chunk of questions from Modern India, followed by Ancient India.

We are not advising to leave any particular section from Indian History. Never leave any topic completely. But you just need to prioritize things. That’s all. And it that priority list, Modern India should rank first.

Chapter 1: European Penetration and British Conquest of India

Chapter 2: Major Battles

Chapter 3: British Policies

Chapter 4: Social and Cultural Awakening in India

Chapter 5: Resistance to British Rule

Chapter 6: The Great Revolt of 1857

Chapter 7: Indian Nationalism

Chapter 8: Indian National Congress

Chapter 9: Nationalist Movement 1905-18: Growth of Militant Nationalism

Chapter10: Struggle For Swaraj- I, 1917-19

Chapter11: Struggle for Swaraj-II 1927-47

Chapter12: Constitutional Framework

Chapter13: British Education Policy and Growth of Modern Education

Chapter14: Indian Press under the British Rule

Chapter15: Governor- Generals of India

Chapter16: Indian Princely States