Bihar had slower economic growth than the rest of India in the 1990s, and as a consequence many Biharis migrated to other parts of India in search of work.
Bihari migrant workers have been subject to a growing degree of racial discrimination, prejudice and violence inspite of the fact that free movement of Indians to settle and work anywhere inside the Indian Union has been guaranteed by the constitution of India.
North Indian students, including students from Bihar, preparing for the railway entrance exam were attacked by Raj Thackeray’s MNS supporters in Mumbai on 20 October 2008.
One student from Bihar was killed during the attacks. Four persons were killed and another seriously injured in the violence that broke out in a village near Kalyan following the arrest of MNS chief Raj Thackeray.
In repercussion to the October 2008 anti-Bihari attacks in Maharashtra, members of the Bharatiya Bhojpuri Sangh (BBS) vandalised the official residence of Tata Motors Jamshedpur plant head S.B. Borwankar, a Maharashtrian.
Migration from one area to another in search of improved livelihoods is a key feature of human history. In some parts of India, three out of four households include a migrant.
Migrants have created pressure on others who are in same job market. While freedom to migrate within the country is an enshrined right the uneven development, levels of desperation and other factors have created friction points.
(a) Discuss in detail reasons of migration in India.
(b) What are the possible impacts of migration on the migrants themselves?
(c) How can Panchayats play their part, if any to help manage migration?
20 marks / 250 words.
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