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Composition and Functions of CBI

The CBI is headed by a Director. The other police ranks in the CBI are Special Director/Addl. Director, Joint Director, Deputy. Inspector General of Police, Inspector, Sub-Inspector, Assistant Sub-Inspector, Head Constable and Constable.

The total sanctioned police strength including all ranks is 4078. The sanctioned strength of administrative staff is 1284.

In addition, CBI has also a sanctioned strength of 230 Law officers, 155 technical posts, 144 Group D posts and 64 Deptt. CXanteen Staff and 171 posts of scientists in the CFSL.

Functions of the CBI

The CBI has to investigate major crimes in the country having interstate and international ramifications. It is also involved in collection of criminal intelligence pertaining to three of its main areas of operation, viz., Anti-Corruption, Economic Crimes and Special Crimes.

The Anti-Corruption Division of the CBI has handled cases against Chief Ministers, Ministers, Secretaries to Government, Officers of the All India Services, CMDs of Banks, Financial Institutions, Public Sector Undertakings, etc.
CBI investigations have a major impact on the political and economic life of the nation.

The following broad categories of criminal cases are handled by the CBI:

  1. Cases of corruption and fraud committed by public servants of all Central Govt. Departments, Central Public Sector Undertakings and Central Financial Institutions.
  2. Economic crimes, including bank frauds, financial frauds, Import Export & Foreign Exchange violations, large-scale smuggling of narcotics, antiques, cultural property and smuggling of other contraband items etc.
  3. Special Crimes, such as cases of terrorism, bomb blasts, sensational homicides, kidnapping for ransom and crimes committed by the mafia/the underworld.

CBI vis-a-vis State Police

Law and order is a state subject and the basic jurisdiction to investigate crime lies with the State Police.

Besides, due to limited resources, CBI would not be able to investigate crimes of all kind. CBI may investigate:

  1. Cases which are essentially against Central Government employees and concerning affairs of the Central Government and the employees of the Central Public Sector Undertakings.
  2. Cases in which the financial interests of the Central Govt are involved.
  3. Cases relating to the Breach of the central laws with the enforcement of which the Govt of India is mainly concerned.
  4. Big cases of fraud, cheating, embezzlement and the like relating to companies in which large funds are involved and similar other cases when committed by organized gangs or professional criminals having ramifications in several states.
  5. Cases having interstate and international ramifications and involving several official agencies where from all angles, it is considered necessary that a single investigating agency should be in charge of the investigation.

CBI Academy

The CBI Academy aims to achieve excellence in training the CBI officers, State police officers and the officers of various vigilance agencies in the investigation, prosecution and vigilance functioning.

The functions of the Academy are:

  1. To ensure that everyone in the CBI is trained.
  2. To guide the human resource to realize its full potential and to ensure full commitment towards achievement of the goals and objectives of the organization.
  3. To sensitize the human resource of CBI to respond to the dynamic socio-legal environment of the country.
  4. To strive after quality, standardization and constant improvement in the techniques & skills of report writing, investigation, prosecution and supervision of cases.
  5. To re-motivate the CBI personnel to discharge their duties professionally.
  6. To develop a sound research base in training for new vistas of investigation.
  7. To broad-base the training efforts of CBI with inter-institutional and international cooperation.
  8. To ensure optimal utilization of training resources through a cost conscious culture.
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